The latter, made up of more than 200,000 people living in a tribal mode and having retained the same traditions for centuries, have earned the region its classification as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The richness of the fauna can be seen in two main parks, the Omo National Park and the Mago National Park. The region owes its name to the river Omo, a source of life for both fauna and tribes that could not survive without, in this sometimes challenging environment.

A stay in the Omo region leads to the meeting of its many tribes, including:

  • The Erbore: small tribe in the southwest of the Omo valley, it is recognizable to its women covered with a black veil and its children in hats resembling walnut shells.

  • Ari: people living in the northern part of the Mago National Park, they are renowned for their pottery and aesthetics (numerous jewelry and piercings to the ears, body paintings and scarification).

  • Dassanech: also known as Galeb, this tribe lives just north of Lake Turkana, following a nomadic lifestyle.

  • The Hamer: they are one of the most famous tribes, the ceremony of "Bull Jumping" being a major tradition that contributed to their reputation.

  • The Karo: A small tribe on the eastern shores of the Omo valley, they are known for their decorative body and facial paintings.

  • The Konso: an isolated tribe in a mountainous region, this tribe is famous for their mastery in terracing their mountainous region for agriculture (which has been recorded as a UNESCO world heritage site). Konso village is also distinguished by its naturally eroded landscape that resembles skyscrapers, and its "totems" and "Waqas".

  • The Mursi: This tribe, living in the Mago National Park, owes its fame to its women's lip plates.